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Cat5 vs Cat5e vs Cat6 vs Cat7 vs Cat8: What Are Their Differences?

Key Factors to Differentiate Cat5 vs Cat5e vs Cat6 vs Cat7 vs Cat8

  • Bandwidth: Normally, if a cable has a higher frequency of MHz, the transmission speed is more efficient.
  • Speed: The speed of transmission changes according to the category, which determines the effectiveness of the cable.
  • Crosstalk: The “bleeding” of signals between one cable into another due to “induction” will result in slow network transfer speeds, and even block the transfer of signals over the cable.
CategoryMax Transmission Speed (At 100 Meters)Max Bandwidth
Cat 510/100 Mbps100 MHz
Cat 5e1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps100 MHz
Cat 61000 Mbps / 1 Gbps250 MHz
Cat 6a10000 Mbps / 10 Gbps500 MHz
Cat 710000 Mbps / 10 Gbps600 MHz
Cat 825 Gbps or 40Gbps2000 MHz at 30 meters

Shielding Type of Ethernet Cables Plus Their Applications

Before knowing the shielding type of Ethernet cables, it is suggested to be familiar with the shielding code in advance.

“TP” stands for “Twisted Pair”

“U” stands for “Unshielded or Unscreened”

“F” stands for “Foil Shielding”

“S” stands for “Braided Shielding”

“A” stands for “Armour”

The shielding type of Ethernet cables and their applications are as follows:

Shielding TypeApplications
STPSuitable for high-speed network and high security transmission.
SFTPThe low attenuation of internal signal making it nice for special environment of professional wiring.
UTPSuited for network applications with transmission bandwidth less than 250MHz and no special performance requirements.
FTPDesigned to provide the assembly with greater protection from crosstalk from adjacent pairs and other cables, RFI and EMI.
ASTPPerfect opt for preventing rodent damage, also nice for explosion-proof wiring system.
Shielded (FTP) vs Unshielded (UTP)



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